Art Design Lessons For Seascapes /
* These art design concepts apply to all
mediums including oils, pastels,
acrylics, mixed mediums, pencil
drawings, watercolors and photography.
1). You need to select a
pattern group for your watercolor painting. There are
several but you only need a couple different value patterns to
do hundred's of watercolor paintings. So pick one or two you
like and stick with then for a while. Then do a
based on your value pattern and determine where the
center of interest (COI)
and your shapes will be located. Plan for the greatest
contrast in this area. The
COI is also a great area to plan for your brightest colors and
value differences. Determine the
shapes and shape values you
want in your painting and indicate them on your value sketch.
edges, and oblique
thrust on your shapes and determine where your mid, dark and
light value areas will be.
2). Sketch your drawing
on your watercolor paper remembering to use proper
and a good design
composition. Plan your watercolor painting utilizing only
three basic values of dark values, medium values and light
values. Your medium values need to be
dominant and should cover
the entire sheet of water color paper from corner to corner.
Plan to save some white areas as there is no transparent white
watercolor paints. Make sure your white areas and other shapes
and an oblique thrust.
These white areas are critical to a successful watercolor
painting. Wet both sides completely until they are soaked
or wet an area such as the sky. Either stretch the paper
beforehand or add clamps on the sides of your backboard to hold
the paper as it dries and shrinks if you are painting on a full
sheet of watercolor paper. This will stretch the paper as you
paint. The paper will dry in 12 to 15 minutes.
3). Paint the sky area
gradation and start adding foliage to your middle ground.
Use fresh paint each time you pick up paint from the pallet to
keep the colors glowing as they mix. Also do your mixing on the
paper. Put one color say yellow on the wet paper and then add
blue and watch the green colors explode on the wet paper. This
is a very exciting painting method.
4). Change the color
often to add
variety in color. Doesn't matter what color, just something
Now paint your large dark shape using
symbols for trees, rocks, buildings, etc. Use
an oblique thrust
different dimensions on the large dark shape. Never paint what
you see, unless it's a landmark and needs to be painted that way
for recognition. Discard 90 % of what you see and only paint
10%. A watercolor paintings needs to have an abstract quality. Develop your own set of symbols for things.
This will make you unique as an artist. Be sure to vary the
value of your shapes and symbols.
Use three sizes of shapes such as small, medium and large for
variety when paint trees,
rocks, buildings. You don't need a dozen trees, just three. One
large, one medium and one small. vary the sizes, heights, color,
value, widths and spacing between the three trees.
Now paint the ocean with a minimum number of brush strokes
incorporating cooler colors in the distance and warmer colors in
the foreground. The water should be done in the fewest number of
brush strokes possible. Three to five strokes for an ocean!
7). By now the paper is
dry and all you need to do is add the foreground foliage, the
palm fronds and you are finished.
Roy's watercolors are created
using the basic
design in art. Principles such
gradation. Elements such as
action or direction,
symbols will help you paint better
looking and more interesting watercolors.
These design elements and principles apply
to all art mediums such as oils, acrylics, pencil, pastels, and
mixed mediums, not just watercolors. Beginners and
experienced artists will benefit by adopting these principles
and elements of design.
details on the Principles & Elements of art design visit
Principles Of Art
Design & Elements
Of Art Design. Below is an example of using these Principles
and elements of design in your paintings.
Transparent, Translucent, Fresh & Spontaneous Watercolors