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                                             Center Of Interest (COI) In Art Design:

   

   Center Of Interest is the primary focus of your painting and the reason you are doing the painting. There should only be one COI to draw the viewers eyes to that point. All the other shapes in the painting should support the COI and point to the COI using radiating lines. In other words a boat should be painted in a 3/4 or side view and should point at your center of interest. Any whites should point to or be adjacent to the COI to create more contrast around the COI. Trees, branches and bushes should point to the COI if possible to lead the viewers eyes directly to where the center of interest is in your painting. Use the most contrast, brightest colors, and values around your COI. The COI should not be in the center of the painting, but rather should be in one of the four quadrants as indicated below.

                                    

  

 

 

 

 
 
       FREE Art Design Lessons For Seascapes / Seascapes

       * These art design concepts apply to all mediums including oils, pastels, acrylics, mixed mediums, pencil drawings, watercolors and photography.

 

     1).   You need to select a value pattern group for your watercolor painting. There are several but you only need a couple different value patterns to do hundred's of watercolor paintings. So pick one or two you like and stick with then for a while. Then do a Value Sketch based on your value pattern and determine where the center of interest (COI) and your shapes will be located. Plan for the greatest contrast in this area. The COI is also a great area to plan for your brightest colors and value differences. Determine the shapes and shape values you want in your painting and indicate them on your value sketch. Use interlocking edges, and oblique thrust on your shapes and determine where your mid, dark and light value areas will be.

     2).    Sketch your drawing on your watercolor paper remembering to use proper perspective and a good design composition. Plan your watercolor painting utilizing only three basic values of dark values, medium values and light values. Your medium values need to be dominant and should cover the entire sheet of water color paper from corner to corner.  Plan to save some white areas as there is no transparent white watercolor paints. Make sure your white areas and other shapes have two different dimensions, interlocking edges and an oblique thrust. These white areas are critical to a successful watercolor painting. Wet both sides completely until they are soaked or wet an area such as the sky. Either stretch the paper beforehand or add clamps on the sides of your backboard to hold the paper as it dries and shrinks if you are painting on a full sheet of watercolor paper. This will stretch the paper as you paint. The paper will dry in 12 to 15 minutes.

     3).    Paint the sky area using variety and gradation and start adding foliage to your middle ground. Use fresh paint each time you pick up paint from the pallet to keep the colors glowing as they mix. Also do your mixing on the paper. Put one color say yellow on the wet paper and then add blue and watch the green colors explode on the wet paper. This is a very exciting painting method.

     4).   Change the color often to add variety in color. Doesn't matter what color, just something different.

     5).    Now paint your large dark shape using symbols for trees, rocks, buildings, etc. Use interlocking edges, an oblique thrust and two different dimensions on the large dark shape. Never paint what you see, unless it's a landmark and needs to be painted that way for recognition. Discard 90 % of what you see and only paint 10%. A watercolor paintings needs to have an abstract quality. Develop your own set of symbols for things. This will make you unique as an artist. Be sure to vary the size, color and value of your shapes and symbols. Use three sizes of shapes such as small, medium and large for variety when paint trees, rocks, buildings. You don't need a dozen trees, just three. One large, one medium and one small. vary the sizes, heights, color, value, widths and spacing between the three trees.

     6).    Now paint the ocean with a minimum number of brush strokes incorporating cooler colors in the distance and warmer colors in the foreground. The water should be done in the fewest number of brush strokes possible. Three to five strokes for an ocean!  

     7).    By now the paper is dry and all you need to do is add the foreground foliage, the palm fronds and you are finished.

      Roy's watercolors are created using the basic principles and elements of design in art. Principles such alternation, balance, contrast, dominanceharmony, unity, gradation. Elements such as color, line, action or direction, shape, size, texture and value. Using pattern groups, perspective, varietycomposition, value sketches and symbols will help you paint better looking and more interesting watercolors.

     These design elements and principles apply to all art mediums such as oils, acrylics, pencil, pastels, and mixed mediums, not just watercolors. Beginners and experienced artists will benefit by adopting these principles and elements of design.

    For more details on the Principles & Elements of art design visit Roy's: Principles Of Art Design & Elements Of Art Design. Below is an example of using these Principles and elements of design in your paintings.

                      Transparent, Translucent, Fresh & Spontaneous Watercolors

 

 

 

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